|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Business Combinations [Abstract]|
|Business Combination Disclosure||
On December 29, 2017, Liberty acquired the approximately 62% of HSNi it did not already own in an all-stock transaction making HSNi a wholly-owned subsidiary, attributed to the QVC Group. HSNi shareholders (other than Liberty) received fixed consideration of 1.65 shares of Series A QVC Group common stock (“QVCA”) for each share of HSNi common stock. Liberty issued 53.6 million shares QVCA common stock to HSNi shareholders. In conjunction with application of acquisition accounting, we recorded a full step up in basis of HSNi which resulted in a $409 million gain. The fair market value of our ownership interest previously held in HSNi ($605 million) was determined based on the trading price of QVCA common stock on the date of the acquisition (Level 1) less a control premium. The market value of the shares of QVCA common stock issued to HSNi shareholders ($1.3 billion) was determined based on the trading price of QVCA common stock on the date of the acquisition. The total equity value of the transaction was $1.9 billion. With the exception of $43 million of severance-related costs incurred on December 30, 2017, HSNi’s results of operations are not included in our consolidated operating results for the year ended December 31, 2017, as the final two days of the period were considered immaterial.
The preliminary purchase price allocation for HSNi is as follows (amounts in millions):
Goodwill is calculated as the excess of the consideration transferred over the identifiable net assets acquired and represents the future economic benefits expected to arise from other intangible assets acquired that do not qualify for separate recognition, including assembled workforce, value associated with future customers, continued innovation and noncontractual relationships. Intangible assets acquired during 2017 were comprised of customer relationships of $425 million with a weighted average life of approximately 9 years, capitalized software of $16 million with a weighted average life of approximately 1 year, and technology of $161 million with a weighted average life of approximately 7 years. None of the acquired goodwill is expected to be deductible for tax purposes. As of December 31, 2017, the valuation related to the purchase is not final and the purchase price allocation is preliminary and subject to revision. The primary areas of the purchase price allocation that are not yet finalized are related to certain fixed and intangible assets, liabilities and tax balances.
Included in net earnings (loss) from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2017 is $43 million related to HSNi’s operations since the date of acquisition, which is primarily related to severance cost post acquisition. Of the $43 million, $38 million related to HSN ($8 million of which related to stock-based compensation expense and is included in Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based compensation expense in the consolidated statements of operations) and $5 million related to Cornerstone.
The pro forma revenue and net earnings from continuing operations of Liberty, prepared utilizing the historical financial statements of HSNi, giving effect to purchase accounting related adjustments made at the time of acquisition, as if the transaction discussed above occurred on January 1, 2016, are as follows:
The pro forma information is not representative of Liberty’s future financial position, future results of operations or future cash flows nor does it reflect what Liberty’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows would have been as if the transaction had happened previously and Liberty controlled HSNi during the periods presented. The pro forma information includes a nonrecurring adjustment for transactions costs incurred as a result of the acquisition.
On October 1, 2015, Liberty acquired zulily for consideration of approximately $2.3 billion, comprised of $9.375 of cash and 0.3098 newly issued shares of QVCA for each zulily share, with cash paid in lieu of any fractional shares. The fair value of the issued shares was determined based on the trading price of QVCA shares on the last trading day prior to the acquisition. Funding for the $1.2 billion cash portion of the consideration came from cash on hand at zulily and a distribution from QVC funded by a drawdown under its revolving credit facility (see note 11). zulily is attributed to the QVC Group.
The final purchase price allocation for zulily is as follows (amounts in millions):
Intangible assets acquired during 2015 were comprised of customer relationships of $490 million with a weighted average life of approximately 4 years, email lists of $250 million with a weighted average life of approximately 2 years, and capitalized software of $50 million with a weighted average life of approximately 3 years. None of the acquired goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. Subsequent to December 31, 2015, the preliminary purchase price allocation was adjusted, resulting in decreases of $50 million to trademarks, $40 million to intangible assets subject to amortization and $33 million to deferred tax liabilities and a corresponding increase of $57 million to goodwill. If these adjustments had been recorded as of the acquisition date, amortization expense would have been approximately $3 million lower for the period ended December 31, 2015. There have been no other significant changes to our purchase price allocation since December 31, 2015.
Included in net earnings (loss) from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2015 is $34 million related to zulily’s operations since the date of acquisition.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef