Information About Liberty's Operating Segments
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2011
|Information About Liberty's Operating Segments|
|Information About Liberty's Operating Segments||
(13) Information About Liberty's Operating Segments
Liberty, through its ownership interests in subsidiaries and other companies, is primarily engaged in the video and on-line commerce, media, communications and entertainment industries. Liberty has attributed each of its businesses to one of three groups: the Interactive Group, the Starz Group and the Capital Group. Each of the businesses in the tracking stock groups is separately managed. Liberty identifies its reportable segments as (A) those consolidated subsidiaries that represent 10% or more of its consolidated annual revenue, annual pre-tax earnings or total assets and (B) those equity method affiliates whose share of earnings represent 10% or more of Liberty's annual pre-tax earnings. The segment presentation for prior periods has been conformed to the current period segment presentation.
Liberty evaluates performance and makes decisions about allocating resources to its operating segments based on financial measures such as revenue, Adjusted OIBDA, gross margin, average sales price per unit, number of units shipped and revenue or sales per customer equivalent. In addition, Liberty reviews nonfinancial measures such as subscriber growth, penetration, website visitors, conversion rates and active customers, as appropriate.
Liberty defines Adjusted OIBDA as revenue less cost of sales, operating expenses, and selling, general and administrative expenses (excluding stock-based compensation). Liberty believes this measure is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of its businesses, including each business's ability to service debt and fund capital expenditures. In addition, this measure allows management to view operating results and perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking between businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. This measure of performance excludes depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation, separately reported litigation settlements and restructuring and impairment charges that are included in the measurement of operating income pursuant to GAAP. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. Liberty generally accounts for intersegment sales and transfers as if the sales or transfers were to third parties, that is, at current prices.
As discussed in Note 2, effective September 30, 2010, the Company's board of directors approved a change in attribution of Starz Media from the Capital Group to the Starz Group to better align the remaining businesses of Starz Media with the legacy Starz Entertainment business to form a combined Starz entity that we refer to as Starz, LLC. The Starz Media Reattribution did not have any impact on the consolidated results of Liberty and was reflected on prospective basis for Tracking Stock purposes. This change in attribution of Starz Media changed how these entities are reviewed and operated from the Liberty consolidated view point and thus gives rise to a new presentation for segment reporting purposes for both the current and prior year periods.
Prior to its reattribution the biggest driver of the Starz Media business unit was its theatrical production business which is no longer being operated except for the exploitation of its existing film library in home video, non-pay television and other ancillary markets. As a result, we do not expect the effect of the remaining Starz Media businesses in future periods to materially change Starz, LLC's operations prospectively. Based on this lack of comparability and the importance of maintaining the integrity of the historical tracking stock results we have included a segment reclassification adjustment for both the Starz Group and the Capital Group in order to reconcile to the historical attributed results for each group.
For the six months ended June 30, 2011, Liberty has identified the following businesses as its reportable segments:
·QVC—consolidated subsidiary attributed to the Interactive Group that markets and sells a wide variety of consumer products in the United States and several foreign countries, primarily by means of its televised shopping programs on the QVC networks and via the Internet through its domestic and international websites.
·Starz, LLC—consolidated subsidiary attributed to the Starz Group that provides premium networks distributed by cable operators, direct-to-home satellite providers, telephone companies and other distributors in the United States and develops, produces and acquires entertainment content and distributes such content to consumers in a wide variety of formats in the United States and throughout the world.
Liberty's reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different products and services. They are managed separately because each segment requires different technologies, distribution channels and marketing strategies. The accounting policies of the segments that are also consolidated subsidiaries are the same as those described in the Company's summary of significant policies.
(1)As discussed above due to the change in segments the prior periods have been changed to reflect the current segment presentation. The adjustment is necessary to align the tracking stock subtotals to the Unaudited Attributed Financial Information for tracking stock groups found in Exhibit 99.1, wherein this change in attribution has been reflected prospectively.
The following table provides a reconciliation of segment Adjusted OIBDA to earnings (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes:
The entire disclosure for reporting segments including data and tables. Reportable segments include those that meet any of the following quantitative thresholds a) it's reported revenue, including sales to external customers and intersegment sales or transfers is 10 percent or more of the combined revenue, internal and external, of all operating segments b) the absolute amount of its reported profit or loss is 10 percent or more of the greater, in absolute amount of 1) the combined reported profit of all operating segments that did not report a loss or 2) the combined reported loss of all operating segments that did report a loss c) its assets are 10 percent or more of the combined assets of all operating segments.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef