|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2017
|Share-based Compensation [Abstract]|
The Company has granted to certain of its directors, employees and employees of its subsidiaries, restricted stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and options to purchase shares of Liberty common stock (collectively, "Awards"). The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an equity classified Award (such as stock options and restricted stock) based on the grant-date fair value (“GDFV”) of the Award, and recognizes that cost over the period during which the employee is required to provide service (usually the vesting period of the Award). The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for a liability classified Award based on the current fair value of the Award, and remeasures the fair value of the Award at each reporting date.
Included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations are $16 million and $31 million of stock-based compensation during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
In connection with our CEO’s employment agreement, during the three months ended March 31, 2017, Liberty granted 115 thousand performance-based RSUs of Series B QVC Group common stock which have a GDFV of $19.90 per share and cliff vest in one year, subject to satisfaction of certain performance objectives. Performance objectives, which are subjective, are considered in determining the timing and amount of the compensation expense recognized. As the satisfaction of the performance objectives becomes probable, the Company records compensation expense. The value of the grant is remeasured at each reporting period.
The Company has calculated the GDFV for all of its equity classified Awards and any subsequent remeasurement of its liability classified Awards and certain performance-based Awards using the Black-Scholes-Merton Model. The Company estimates the expected term of the Awards based on historical exercise and forfeiture data. The volatility used in the calculation for Awards is based on the historical volatility of Liberty's stock and the implied volatility of publicly traded Liberty options. The Company uses a zero dividend rate and the risk-free rate for Treasury Bonds with a term similar to that of the subject options.
The following tables present the number and weighted average exercise price ("WAEP") of the Awards to purchase QVC Group and Liberty Ventures common stock granted to certain officers, employees and directors of the Company.
As of March 31, 2017, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested Awards was approximately $106 million. Such amount will be recognized in the Company's consolidated statements of operations over a weighted average period of approximately 2.2 years.
As of March 31, 2017, Liberty reserved for issuance upon exercise of outstanding stock options approximately 28.7 million shares of Series A QVC Group common stock, 1.5 million shares of Series B QVC Group common stock, 1.9 million shares of Series A Liberty Ventures common stock and 1.0 million shares of Series B Liberty Ventures common stock.
Certain of the Company's other subsidiaries have stock based compensation plans under which employees and non-employees are granted options or similar stock based Awards. Awards made under these plans vest and become exercisable over various terms. The Awards and compensation recorded, if any, under other subsidiary compensation plans are not significant to Liberty.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef