|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Long-term Debt, Unclassified [Abstract]|
Debt is summarized as follows:
Exchangeable Senior Debentures
Each $1,000 debenture of Liberty Interactive LLC’s (“LI LLC”) 4% Exchangeable Senior Debentures is exchangeable at the holder's option for the value of 3.2265 shares of Sprint Corporation (“Sprint”) common stock and 0.7860 shares of CenturyLink, Inc. ("CenturyLink") common stock. LI LLC may, at its election, pay the exchange value in cash, Sprint and CenturyLink common stock or a combination thereof. LI LLC, at its option, may redeem the debentures, in whole or in part, for cash generally equal to the face amount of the debentures plus accrued interest.
Each $1,000 debenture of LI LLC's 3.75% Exchangeable Senior Debentures is exchangeable at the holder's option for the value of 2.3578 shares of Sprint common stock and 0.5746 shares of CenturyLink common stock. LI LLC may, at its election, pay the exchange value in cash, Sprint and CenturyLink common stock or a combination thereof. Qurate Retail, at its option, may redeem the debentures, in whole or in part, for cash equal to the face amount of the debentures plus accrued interest.
Each $1,000 debenture of LI LLC's 3.5% Exchangeable Senior Debentures (the "Motorola Exchangeables") is exchangeable at the holder's option for the value of 5.2598 shares of Motorola Solutions, Inc. The remaining exchange value is payable, at Qurate Retail's option, in cash or MSI stock or a combination thereof. LI LLC, at its option, may redeem the debentures, in whole or in part, for cash generally equal to the adjusted principal amount of the debentures plus accrued interest. As a result of various principal payments made to holders of the Motorola Exchangeables, the adjusted principal amount of each $1,000 debenture is $531 as of December 31, 2018.
Each $1,000 original principal amount of the 0.75% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2043 is exchangeable for a basket of 3.1648 shares of common stock of Charter and 7.4199 shares of common stock of AT&T Inc., which may change over time to include other publicly traded common equity securities that may be distributed on or in respect of those shares of Charter and Time Warner (or into which any of those securities may be converted or exchanged). This basket of shares for which each Debenture in the original principal amount of $1,000 may be exchanged is referred to as the Reference Shares attributable to such Debenture, and to each issuer of Reference Shares as a reference company. Each Debenture is exchangeable at the option of the holder at any time, upon which they will be entitled to receive the Reference Shares attributable to such Debenture or, at the election of LI LLC, cash or a combination of Reference Shares and cash having a value equal to such Reference Shares. Upon exchange, holders will not be entitled to any cash payment representing accrued interest or outstanding additional distributions. Subsequent to December 31, 2017, an extraordinary additional distribution was made to the holders of the 0.75% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2043 in the amount of $11.9399 per $1,000 original principal of the debentures, which is attributable to the cash consideration of $18.50 per share paid to former holders of common stock of Time Inc. on January 31, 2018, in connection with the acquisition of Time Inc. by Meredith Corporation. The Company paid the extraordinary additional distribution on March 1, 2018, to holders of record of the 0.75% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2043 on February 14, 2018, the special record date for the extraordinary additional distribution.
During the year ended December 31, 2016, holders exchanged, under the terms of the debentures, approximately $523 million principal of the 0.75% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2043 and Qurate Retail made cash payments of approximately $1,181 million to settle the obligations. In addition, an extraordinary distribution of approximately $325 million was paid to holders of the 0.75% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2043.
In August 2016, Qurate Retail issued $750 million principal amount of new senior exchangeable debentures due September 2046 which bear interest at an annual rate of 1.75%. Each $1,000 debenture is exchangeable at the holder’s option for the value of 2.9317 shares of Charter Class A common stock. Qurate Retail may, at its election, pay the exchange value in cash, Charter Class A common stock or a combination thereof. The number of shares of Charter Class A common stock attributable to a debenture represents an initial exchange price of approximately $341.10 per share. On October 5, 2023, Qurate Retail, at its option, may redeem the debentures, in whole or in part, for cash generally equal to the face amount of the debentures plus accrued interest. See note 6 for additional information about these debentures.
Qurate Retail has elected to account for all of its Exchangeables using the fair value option. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of these instruments are recognized as unrealized gains (losses) in the statements of operations. Qurate Retail will review the triggering events on a quarterly basis to determine whether a triggering event has occurred to require current classification of certain Exchangeables, see additional discussion below.
Qurate Retail has sold, split-off or otherwise disposed of all of its shares of MSI, Sprint and CenturyLink common stock which underlie the respective Exchangeable Senior Debentures. Because such exchangeable debentures are exchangeable at the option of the holder at any time and Qurate Retail can no longer use owned shares to redeem the debentures, Qurate Retail has classified for financial reporting purposes the portion due 2043 of the debentures that could be redeemed for cash as a current liability. Exchangeable Senior Debentures classified as current totaled $990 million at December 31, 2018. Although such amount has been classified as a current liability for financial reporting purposes, the Company believes the probability that the holders of such instruments will exchange a significant principal amount of the debentures prior to maturity is unlikely.
Interest on the Company's exchangeable debentures is payable semi-annually based on the date of issuance. At maturity, all of the Company's exchangeable debentures are payable in cash.
In January 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance that is intended to improve the recognition and measurement of financial instruments. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of 2018. A portion of the unrealized gain (loss) recognized on the Company’s exchangeable debt accounted for at fair value is now presented in other comprehensive income as it relates to instrument specific credit risk on the consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
Interest on the 8.5% Senior Debentures due 2029 and the 8.25% Senior Debentures due 2030 (the “Senior Debentures”) is payable semi-annually based on the date of issuance. The Senior Debentures are stated net of an aggregate unamortized discount of $3 million at December 31, 2018 and $4 million at December 31, 2017. Such discount is being amortized to interest expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
QVC Senior Secured Notes
On March 18, 2014, QVC issued $400 million principal amount of 3.125% Senior Secured Notes due 2019 at an issue price of 99.828% and $600 million principal amount of 4.85% Senior Secured Notes due 2024 at an issue price of 99.927% (collectively, the “March Notes”). The March Notes are secured by the capital stock of QVC and certain of QVC’s subsidiaries and have equal priority to QVC’s senior secured credit facility. On August 21, 2014, QVC issued $600 million principal amount of 4.45% Senior Secured Notes due 2025 at an issue price of 99.860% and $400 million principal amount 5.45% Senior Secured Notes due 2034 at an issue price of 99.784% (collectively, the “August Notes”). The August Notes are secured by the capital stock of QVC and certain of QVC’s subsidiaries and have equal priority to QVC’s senior secured credit facility. During prior years, QVC issued $500 million principal amount of 5.125% Senior Secured Notes due 2022 at par, $750 million principal amount of 4.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2023 at par and $300 million principal amount of 5.95% Senior Secured Notes due 2043 at par.
In September 2018, QVC completed a registered debt offering for $225 million of 6.375% Senior Notes due 2067 (the “2067 Notes”). The proceeds were used to partially prepay existing indebtedness under QVC’s senior secured credit facility and for general corporate purposes. The costs to complete the financing were deferred and are being amortized to interest expense over the term of the 2067 Notes. Interest on the 2067 Notes will be paid quarterly in March, June, September and December, commencing on December 15, 2018. QVC has the option to call the 2067 Notes after 5 years at par value.
QVC Bank Credit Facilities
On December 31, 2018, QVC entered into the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with zulily as co-borrower (collectively, the “Borrowers”) which is a multi-currency facility that provides for a $3.65 billion revolving credit facility, with a $450 million sub-limit for standby letters of credit and up to $1.8 billion of uncommitted incremental revolving loan commitments or incremental term loans. The Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement includes a $400 million tranche that may be borrowed by the Company or zulily, with a $50 million sub-limit for standby letters of credit. The remaining $3.25 billion and any incremental loans may be borrowed only by the Company. Borrowings that are alternate base rate loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the base rate plus a margin that varies between 0.25% and 0.75% depending on the Borrowers’ combined ratio of consolidated total debt to consolidated EBITDA (the “consolidated leverage ratio”). Borrowings that are LIBOR loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the applicable LIBOR plus a margin that varies between 1.25% and 1.75% depending on the Borrowers’ combined consolidated leverage ratio. Each loan may be prepaid at any time and from time to time without penalty other than customary breakage costs. No mandatory prepayments will be required other than when borrowings and letter of credit usage exceed availability; provided that, if zulily ceases to be controlled by Qurate Retail, all of its loans must be repaid and its letters of credit cash collateralized. The facility matures on December 31, 2023. Payment of loans may be accelerated following certain customary events of default.
The purpose of the amendment was to, among other things, repay certain fees and expenses, finance working capital needs and general corporate purposes of the Company and their respective subsidiaries and make certain restricted payments and loans to the Company's respective parents and affiliates. The payment and performance of the borrowers’ obligations (including zulily’s obligations) under the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are guaranteed by each of QVC’s Material Domestic Subsidiaries (as defined in the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement). Further, the borrowings under the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are secured, pari passu with QVC’s existing notes, by a pledge of all of QVC’s equity interests. In addition, the payment and performance of the borrowers’ obligations with respect to the $400 million tranche available to both QVC and zulily are also guaranteed by zulily and secured by a pledge of all of zulily’s equity interests.
The Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement contains certain affirmative and negative covenants, including certain restrictions on QVC and zulily and each of their respective restricted subsidiaries (subject to certain exceptions) with respect to, among other things: incurring additional indebtedness; creating liens on property or assets; making certain loans or investments; selling or disposing of assets; paying certain dividends and other restricted payments; dissolving, consolidating or merging; entering into certain transactions with affiliates; entering into sale or leaseback transactions; restricting subsidiary distributions; and limiting the Company’s consolidated leverage ratio and the Borrowers’ Combined Consolidated Leverage Ratio.
The interest rate on borrowings outstanding under the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement was 3.9% at December 31, 2018. Availability under the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement at December 31, 2018 was $2.3 billion, net of $20 million of outstanding standby letters of credit.
HSN Bank Credit Facility
On January 27, 2015, HSN entered into a $1.25 billion five-year syndicated credit agreement ("Credit Agreement") which was secured by 100% of the voting equity securities of HSN's U.S. subsidiaries and 65% of HSN's first-tier foreign subsidiaries. Certain HSN subsidiaries have unconditionally guaranteed HSN's obligations under the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement, which included a $750 million revolving credit facility and a $500 million term loan, could be increased up to $1.75 billion subject to certain conditions and was set to expire on January 27, 2020. On December 29, 2017, the Credit Agreement was amended, the outstanding balance on the term loan was repaid, and the revolving credit facility was increased to $1 billion. The maturity of the revolving credit facility was extended to December 29, 2022. Loans under the amended Credit Agreement bore interest at a per annum rate equal to LIBOR plus a predetermined margin that ranges from 1.25% to 1.75% or the Base Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus a predetermined margin that ranges from 0.25% to 0.75%. HSN paid a commitment fee ranging from 0.20% to 0.30% (based on the leverage ratio) on the unused portion of the revolving credit facility. On December 31, 2018, the HSN Credit Agreement was terminated and the outstanding balance on the term loan was repaid. As a result of the termination of the HSN Credit Agreement, the Company recorded a loss on debt extinguishment of $2 million within Other, net in the consolidated statements of operation.
Interest Rate Swap Arrangements
During the year ended December 31, 2016, QVC entered into a three-year interest rate swap arrangement with a notional amount of $125 million to mitigate the interest rate risk associated with interest payments related to its variable rate debt. The swap arrangement does not qualify as a cash flow hedge under GAAP. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of the swap are reflected in Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
As of December 31, 2017, HSN had an outstanding interest rate swap that effectively converted $250 million of its variable rate bank credit facility to a fixed rate of 1.05% with a maturity date in January 2020 (the swapped fixed rate is exclusive of the credit spread under the Credit Agreement). Based on HSN's leverage ratio as of December 31, 2017, the all-in fixed rate was 2.3525%. The Company accounts for the interest rate swaps at fair value with changes recorded through other (expense) income in the consolidated statements of operations. On December 31, 2018, the interest rate swap was terminated as a result of the termination of the HSN Credit Agreement. Subsequently, QVC entered into a thirteen month interest rate swap arrangement with the same terms.
Other Subsidiary Debt
Other subsidiary debt at December 31, 2018 is comprised of capitalized satellite transponder lease obligations.
Qurate Retail and its subsidiaries were in compliance with all debt covenants at December 31, 2018.
Five Year Maturities
The annual principal maturities of Qurate Retail's debt and capital lease obligations, based on stated maturity dates, for each of the next five years is as follows (amounts in millions):
Fair Value of Debt
Qurate Retail estimates the fair value of its debt based on the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or on the current rate offered to Qurate Retail for debt of the same remaining maturities. The fair value, based on quoted prices of instruments not considered to be active markets (Level 2), of Qurate Retail's publicly traded debt securities that are not reported at fair value in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets is as follows (amounts in millions):
Due to the variable rate nature, Qurate Retail believes that the carrying amount of its subsidiary debt not discussed above approximated fair value at December 31, 2018.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef